Mixed-use – STAR http://st-ar.nl strategies + architecture - Rotterdam Thu, 08 Jun 2017 19:00:26 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Manzana 5 – Development http://st-ar.nl/manzana-5/ Fri, 31 Aug 2007 09:54:44 +0000 http://st-ar.nl/?p=1448 Aug 07–Jan 08/on going, Zaragoza, Spain – FIRST PRIZE

Manzana 5  -Development – has been commissioned after winning first prize in the Open Competition for Blocks 5 and 6 of the Digital Mile District in Zaragoza.
 

The Re-Creation of Zaragoza
Zaragoza is undergoing a huge transformation. It is the 5th biggest city in Spain but for many years stayed too comfortable and closed in itself. The city has become aware of the enormous competition among European cities in this day and age, and in a span of less than 10 years will undergo a radical recreation. Zaragoza is gathering the ten elements of the portfolio we describe in our study The Re-Creation of the European City.
The relocation of Zaragoza Railway Station in the Delicias district and its transformation into a modern intermodal station with High Speed trains has kick started the regeneration of the entire area, which works according to an ambitious master plan called the Digital Mile District, where the City is collaborating with MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and experts such as Willian Mitchel, D. Manuel Castells, and Saskia Sassen.
Zaragoza will play host to the next International Exhibition in 2008. The site of the Expo is fairly close to the Digital Mile, which will benefit from the event. Manzana 5 enjoys the most privileged location in the Digital Mile: right in front of the new station and the Plaza Sur. Manzana 5 is a mixed-use block of 43 metres in height and a 123 by 63 metre base.

Imposition
The brief of the competition predetermined strictly the volume of the blocks: two rotund trident profiles with the three slabs of each block facing each other, and not the main avenue or the new railway station, as was expected.
After a predictable initial reaction looking to modify this shape, we feel intrigued in discovering the reason for this apparent incongruence. By studying the master plan we understood the decision. The shape of the blocks is not following any architectonic approach but a much more urban one: rather than creating a façade, the blocks want to disappear into the smallest silhouette to make the station visible to the city.  We imagined how two large pieces were cut out of each of the initial volumes.
To illustrate this aggressive gesture we will treat the surfaces that were always meant to be exposed differently from the surfaces that are left exposed as a result of creating the silhouette.

Ever-changing rigidity
To compensate for the rigidity of the brief and the imposition of the shape of the block we will choose a façade that will forever be changing. We will cover the exterior surfaces equally with glass laminated with a diachronic film, a material that can reflect any colour. The perception of the colour of the Manzana 5 will never stay the same. We will not know what the building will look like until it is finished and even then we will never be able to control its image. It will change from white to red, to yellow, to pink, to golden… It may look stunning, beautiful, subtle, hideous, or delicate, all on the same day. The inner surfaces will be treated delicately with glass in different white tones. The use of only one material to cover the 12,000 m2 of external facade emphasises the rigid silhouette of the trident and stresses the appropriate large scale of the block; in contrast, the diachronic film will provide the building with an ever-changing image.

Looking for the finest image
The urban gesture of the block, that positions the slabs perpendicularly to the main avenue and to the Station Plaza, compromises the views from the apartments and offices, which will have to view each other or look at the communal garden. We accepted this urban gesture as a valid strategy to keep the station view of the city, but we felt that something had to give in exchange so the daily view of the users of the slabs would be enhanced. Looking for what could possibly be the finest view we researched the oeuvre of Francisco de Goya, born in Zaragoza in 1746, and to our surprise we discovered that his painting La Maja Desnuda (The Nude Maja) is of the same proportions as the Manzana 5 plan. This painting is one of the best-known works by Goya and the first entirely profane life-size female nude in Western art. The garden will feature this painting, scaled up in size 65 times, in pixelated format using a system of grass and vegetation tiles that collect the rain water.
The ever changing character of Manzana 5 will enter into dialogue with the urban context. Users of the buildings will never be able to see these changes when inside. They will be looking at serene whitish inner facades and the beautiful Goya painting.  Internet users will also be able to enjoy the 100 metres tall Maja Desnuda when visiting Zaragoza through Google Earth.

Architecture solves the problems of urban planning
Due to the rush in conceiving the urban plans for Manzana 5 and 6 we encountered a big problem while developing the building that could seriously compromise its design: the building, as proposed in the master plan, did not comply with fire regulations. The time constraints made the modification and further approval of a new master plan impossible. The solution proposed by the fire department of the City was to open up a street and cutting the block in two, to allow for the access of fire engines to the core of the building. To our mind, this was a very poor solution, as it compromised the coveted large scale of the block; it was also undesirable to the client who would lose an awful lot of valuable retail space and the possibility of constructing a large mall, rather than two disconnected commercial pieces. By studying carefully the fire regulations and by meeting the firemen on several occasions we came up with a simple fire safety concept that would not require any cuts to the building, nor any extra investment, whilst making more space available for housing. We planned a big staircase to the common gardens, which would be considered a ‘safe place’, becoming a second ground-floor from where users may be evacuated. We also proposed duplex apartments on the top floors, reducing the “escape height” of one floor. These users will have an alternative emergency exit, an ascendant escape route, that will lead them to the roof of the blocks, from where they will be able to descend using another staircase to the ground-floor. In this way we eliminate half of the stairs in each block, freeing up this space to the apartments. Architecture solved the problems of poor urban planning.
The required programme of Manzana 5 is composed of 60,000 m2 of residential, administrative, parking, and retail programme. Within the block we will allow maximum flexibility in housing typology. It contains 168 apartments from 100 possible different typologies, all fitting within the same structural grid and services layout. The smallest is 40 m2 and the largest is 180 m2.

– – –

Title: Manzana 5 – Development
Project name: Manzana 5 del Entorno de la Estación del AVE en Zaragoza – Block 5 in the High-Speed Railway Station district in Zaragoza
Date: August 2007 – January 2008 / Approved by the COAA on January 2008
Type: Commission after FIRST PRIZE in Open Competition
Location: Zaragoza, Spain
Site: Digital Mile district; Avenida de Navarra / Plaza Sur next to High Speed railway station.
Programme: 168 Houses (105 possible typologies) from 40 m² to 200 m² + Offices + Mall + Parking
Surface: 60.000 m² (18.100 m² residential + 8.500 m² offices, 14.000 m² retail +19.000 m² parking + 4.500 m² green areas)
Status: On going
Client: Zaragoza Alta Velocidad 2002 S.A.
Budget: € 45 Mill.
Awards: FIRST PRIZE
Publications:
-Future Arquitecturas #15, Madrid, Spain, January 2009
-Belvedere by Pimba! #01, Montevideo, Uruguay, April 2008
-Arquitectura e Vida #92, Lisbon, Portugal, April, 2008
-Arquitectos Madrid #0 Madrid, Spain, December 2007
-InfoDomus magazine #14, Spain, November -December 2007
-Gremios – Periodico de la Construccion #8, Aragón Edition, September 2007
-Heraldo de Aragón, Zaragoza Spain, July 2007
-El Periódico de Aragón, Zaragoza Spain, July 2007
Exhibitions: West Arch – A New Generation in Architecture, at the Ludwig Forum für International Kunst, Aachen, Germany,September 12 – November 14, 2010
STAR Team: Beatriz Ramo, Joana Garcia de Oliveira, Astrid Rovisco Suzano, Ruben Iglesias, Irene Solé, Inês Tavares. Model: Guadalupe Hernández and Jean-Vianney Deleersnyder
Collaborators: Rodrigo Núñez Carrasco (Consulting and Construction Adviser), Ana Rodríguez (Drafting support), La Catedral (Visualization support)
Consulting: Valladares (Engineering Advisors), ARUP Amsterdam (Facade Advisors), Jan van Rongen (Facade Advisor)
Extra: Thanks to: Javier Ramo (Logistics and Administration), Juan Carlos Romero (S&P), Paco Revilla, Pedro Urroz (Zaragoza Fireman Brigade), Ana Ramo y Ana López-Angulo (Logistics), Gloria Tuesta (Aragón Urban Management), María Pilar Sancho, Andrés Fernández (Zaragoza Alta Velocidad), Fernándo García (Centro de Estudios COA Aragón), Jesús Carcamo (OTIS)
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Minimum Housing Project – Secret Spaces http://st-ar.nl/secret-spaces/ Fri, 24 Aug 2007 00:15:59 +0000 http://st-ar.nl/?p=1192 August 2007, Zaragoza, Spain

Spain has suffered in recent years from an incredible rise in the cost of a square metre of housing. Housing regulations are adapting to allow smaller minimum sizes for apartments as it becomes unaffordable to buy and to rent for ever more people.
The University of Zaragoza plans to build 500 new apartments for students and guest teachers following this change in regulations, and fixing apartments with one bedroom at 30 m2, and two bedroom apartments at 37 m2.

To fight these rising costs we propose a growth in space (m3) without increasing the floor area (m2). The plan will remain as small as possible, while finding new opportunities in the section. This will generate what we call Secret Spaces. They provide the necessary room to “store” functions, rather than to fully house them. Secret Spaces are located around the main room of the apartment. This room will act as the stage for all the possible functions: living room, gym, study area, party place…
Secret Spaces will store all objects that are not necessary for the functioning of the house at any given time; they will be the horizontal flying towers of the main stage.
The central space offers enormous flexibility because it may be emptied or filled in within just a few seconds. Since the plan restricts possibilities when it comes to size, other opportunities have to be sought in the section.

The bedrooms are placed at different heights on both sides of the central space so they enjoy maximum privacy. They are separated from the central room by full sliding doors so that they can be completely opened to become a continuation of the central room at any given moment. The apartment is fully equipped and all services are efficiently provided in one horizontal frieze:  the toilet, the shower cabinet, the kitchen, and plenty of storage space at different heights. As stair/furniture piece is provided in each apartment to access one of the bedrooms and/or the overhead Secret Space.
All apartments, whether with one or two bedrooms, possess a complementary profile that matches perfectly in section, allowing them to be grouped in many different ways: block, tower, row-housing, etc…

We generate the project from its smallest expression, the apartment unit, giving total priority to the challenge of providing quality housing on minimal surface area.
When applying this concept to the 500 University apartments on the Zaragoza campus, we chose to organize the dwellings in a single 100 metres high building. We propose a change to the proposed master plan in order to provide the 500 units with views on the city rather than on inner patios. Moreover, the building will contribute to the creation of Zaragoza’s skyline, together with the new World Trade Centre, the Water Tower for the upcoming Expo, the future skyscraper of architect Basilio Tobias, the new buildings on the Digital Mile, and the existing Basilica towers.
The characteristic geometry of the dwelling section will generate the pattern in the façade of the building, revealing its underlying concept. At mid-height of the building a fully transparent floor will contain a common living area for the students.

A horizontal basement hosts all the public functions: café, study rooms, flexible auditoriums, kindergarten, gym, and canteen for the campus; and a large circle will act as the foyer for the 700 people that will live in the building. The roof of the plinth will contain several sports courts and a pool. This volume articulates the connection between the tower and the ground, aiming for maximum urban activity.

To face the raise of the square metre price of housing in Spain, we propose an increase of the space without increasing the surface. The plan stays as reduced as possible and the section starts growing in height. Secret Spaces “up and down” allow to gain space by providing room to collect all the furniture of the flat.

The big central space offers an enormous flexibility because it can be emptied out or filled in just few seconds. Therefore, in the same day it can work as living room, dinning room, studio, party room, or gym. In both sides of this space, we place the 2 bedrooms. They keep maximum privacy by placing them in opposite sides and in different heights.

The unit has an equipped band, which include the toilet, shower cabinet, the kitchen, and plenty of storage space in different heights. A stair-furniture piece is provided in each house to access one of the bedrooms and the top storages.



 

– – –

Title: Secret Spaces
Project name: 500 university apartments and facilities for the new campus of CPS in Zaragoza
Date: August 2007
Type: International Open Competition
Organizer: OCAM
Participants: 264
Location: Zaragoza, Spain
Site: Area of The Campus Univeritario “I+D” de la Universidad de Zaragoza, Actur district
Programme: Housing units: 19.700 m² (2/3 simplex +1/2 doubles); Common areas: 7725 m² (Auditorium, Study rooms, Kindergarten, Gym, Performance hall, Gymnasium)
Surface: 36.000 m²
Status: Competition
Client: Suelo y Vivienda de Aragón
Budget: N/A
Publications:
-Arquitectura e Vida #92, Lisbon, Portugal, April 2008
-Future Arquitecturas #15, Madrid, Spain, January 2009
Exhibitions: West Arch – A New generation in Architecture” at the Ludwig Forum für International Kunst, Aachen, Germany, September 12 – November 14, 2010
STAR Team: Beatriz Ramo, Joana Garcia de Oliveira, Astrid Rovisco Suzano; model: Jordi Milà and Albert Perez Cols

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Manzana 5 and 6 – Competition http://st-ar.nl/manzana-5-6/ Tue, 31 Jul 2007 10:00:41 +0000 http://st-ar.nl/?p=5014 June-July 2007, Zaragoza, Spain  –  FIRST PRIZE

The Re-Creation of Zaragoza
Zaragoza is undergoing a huge transformation. It is the 5th biggest city in Spain but for many years stayed too comfortable and closed in itself. The city has become aware of the enormous competition among European cities in this day and age, and in a span of less than 10 years will undergo a radical recreation. Zaragoza is gathering the ten elements of the portfolio we describe in our study The Re-Creation of the European City.

The relocation of Zaragoza Railway Station in the Delicias district and its transformation into a modern intermodal station with High Speed trains has kick started the regeneration of the entire area, which works according to an ambitious master plan called the Digital Mile District, where the City is collaborating with MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) and experts such as Willian Mitchel, D. Manuel Castells, and Saskia Sassen. Zaragoza will play host to the next International Exhibition in 2008. The site of the Expo is relatively close to the Digital Mile.
Manzana 5 and 6 enjoy the most privileged location in the Digital Mile: right in front of the new station and the Plaza Sur.
Imposition
The brief of the competition predetermined strictly the volume of the blocks: two rotund trident profiles with the three slabs of each block facing each other, and not the main avenue or the new railway station, as was expected.
After a predictable initial reaction looking to modify this shape, we feel intrigued in discovering the reason for this apparent incongruence. By studying the master plan we understood the decision. The shape of the blocks is not following any architectonic approach but a much more urban one: rather than creating a façade, the blocks want to disappear into the smallest silhouette to make the station visible to the city.  We imagined how two large pieces were cut out of each of the initial volumes. To illustrate this aggressive gesture we will treat the surfaces that were always meant to be exposed differently, compared to the surfaces that are left exposed as a result of creating the silhouette. We will use one single material for each of the two situations to help emphasise the rigid silhouette of the tridents and the big scale of each block.  Manzana 5 and 6 will follow the same approach; as they both answer to the same urban principle. Both contain a commercial gallery in the plinth and two blocks of housing. Manzana 5 will host offices in the third block and Manzana 6 will host a hotel. A common garden will be planned on top of the mall in both blocks.
Ever changing
To compensate for the rigidity of the brief and the imposition of the shape we will choose an ever changing façade. For Manzana 5 we will cover the exterior surfaces with glass laminated with a diachronic film, a material that can reflect any colour, and we will choose a LED-net for the internal facades. For Manzana 6, we will use black zinc, moveable plates for the external facades, and vertical gardens in the interior.
Inside the blocks we will allow maximum flexibility in housing typology; by fixing right from the start the installation and services cores we obtain ten possible apartment configurations.
The perception of the blocks will never stay the same: Manzana 6 will change on one single day from a black solid block into an unpredictable varied patchwork of curtains, while its caduceus garden will be changing each season.  The perception of the colour of the Manzana 5 will never stay the same. We will not know what the building will look like until it is finished and even then we will never be able to control its image. It will change from white to red, to yellow, to pink, to golden… It may look stunning, beautiful, subtle, hideous, or delicate, all on the same day.


 
Manzana 5:
 

 


 


See Manzana 5 – Development

– – –
Title: Manzana 5 – Competition
Project name: Manzana 5 del Entorno de la Estación del AVE en Zaragoza – Block 5 in the High-Speed Train Station district in Zaragoza
Date: June – July 2007
Type: International Open Competition
Organizer: OCAM
Participants: 97
Ranking: FIRST PRIZE
Location: Zaragoza, Spain
Site: Digital Mile district; Avenida de Navarra / Plaza Sur next to High Speed Train station.
Program: 168 Houses (105 possible typologies) from 40 m² to 200 m² + Offices + Mall + Parking
Surface: 60.000 m² (18.100 m² residential + 8.500 m² offices, 14.000 m² retail +19.000 m² parking + 4.500 m² green areas)
Status: on going
Client: Zaragoza Alta Velocidad 2002 S.A.
Budget: € 45 Mill.
Awards: FIRST PRIZE
Publications:
-Future Arquitecturas #15, Madrid, Spain, January 2009
-Belvedere by Pimba! #01, Montevideo, Uruguay, April 2008
-Arquitectura e Vida #92, Lisbon, Portugal, April, 2008
-Revista Arquitectos #0 Madrid, Spain, December 2007
-InfoDomus magazine #14, Spain, November -December 2007
-Gremios – Periodico de la Construccion #8, Aragón Edition, September 2007
-Heraldo de Aragón, Zaragoza Spain, July 2007
-El Periódico de Aragón, Zaragoza Spain, July 2007
Exhibitions: West Arch – A New Generation in Architecture, at the Ludwig Forum für International Kunst, Aachen, Germany,September 12 – November 14, 2010
STAR Team: Beatriz Ramo, Marta Fernández Guardado, Joana Garcia de Oliveira, Astrid Rovisco Suzano
 
 
– – –
 
 
Manzana 6:

– – –
Title: Manzana 6
Project name: Manzana 6 del Entorno de la Estación del AVE en Zaragoza – Block 6 in the High-Speed Railway Station district in Zaragoza
Date: June-July 2007
Type: International Open Competition
Organizer: OCAM
Participants: 73
Ranking: Final round
Location: Zaragoza, Spain
Site: Digital Mile district; Avenida de Navarra / Plaza Sur next to High Speed Railway station.
Programme: Housing 14.900 m², Commercial Gallery 17.000 m², Garden 2.800 m²
Surface: Total 43.200 (Residential 14.900 m², Commercial 17.000 m², Garden 2.800 m², Parking 14.300 m²)Status: Competition
Client: Zaragoza Alta Velocidad 2002 S.A.
Budget: N/A
STAR Team: Beatriz Ramo, Marta Fernández, Guardado, Joana Garcia de Oliveira, Astrid Rovisco Suzano

Manzana 5:

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Masterplan and Tower in Leinelä http://st-ar.nl/leinela-tower/ Sat, 30 Jun 2007 20:44:31 +0000 http://st-ar.nl/?p=1361 June 2007, Leinelä, Vantaa, Finland

The future development of Greater Helsinki will balance the current centrifugal forces of Helsinki in the Region, by expanding the activity centres outside Ring Road III. Leinelä is adjacent to this and has the potential to be a distinctive and pleasant area for residents and workers.
The construction of the circle rail line will bring new life to the area. Leinelä aims to become an attractive place for residents and workers; a new residential and business area in the forest with direct connections to the airport and Helsinki city centre.

The concentration of the given programme in one single building, one big plaza, and one park is used to achieve a dynamic and lively atmosphere in a very low-density area. A building emerging from the trees will be the landmark of Leinelä. The tower will be visible from Helsinki-Vantaa airport, from Tuusulanväylä and Lahdenväylä motorways, from the future Koivukylänväylä road, and from the new circle rail line and the existing train routes.
The tower helps to position Leinelä and to herald its strength.
It is positioned facing the airport and the trains, in order to minimize exposure to the north.
We use less than 10% of the available area, and we maintain the remainder as forest. The Tower will attain the most visibility with the minimum ground impact. A big urban plaza, an orthogonal park, and a big platform to access the trains will complete the master plan of the area.

We maintain the proposed road network but we suggest a different placement of certain buildings, reinforcing the central position of Leinelä Tower and with a better orientation to the sun.
Taking Leinelä Tower as the centre, the density of inhabitants decreases the closer we get to the forest. The density of trees will decrease the closer we get to the Plaza.

Direct access to Leinelä Tower from the station makes it a very interesting location not only for residents but also for offices, which will occupy the lower levels, while housing will be located in the upper floors. The residents will have the most privileged views on the area.
Leinelä Tower works as a small city. We have placed common functions such as a residents’ club, a gym with saunas, and a panoramic restaurant with a projection room along the tower. From the tower one has high-speed internet access. We want to encourage e-working, so we plan a number of meeting rooms to be used by students and workers. A number of special apartments with care facilities are planned for elderly people. An underground shuttle service will collect the inhabitants of Leinelä to take them to the station in winter.

The Urban Plaza in front of Leinelä Tower is diagonally split over two levels. The top level is placed at the height of the railway platforms, becoming a perfect display of culture and performances, and transforming each passenger into a spectator. This allows for the parallel use of the Plaza and 150% usage of the surface, as we can place the day nursery and parking garage under the elevated part. 
The slight inclination of the urban plaza (3%) allows the placement of cafes and markets; at the same time, it collects the people coming from Leinelä at ±0.00 and leads them smoothly to the station at +4.70.
Where the two levels of the Plaza meet, we placed a transportation hub for  people coming from the parking area: the final shuttle stop, the Plaza, the street, passengers on their way from/to the station, the taxi ranks and bus stops, and the residents of Leinelä Tower. The station is a continuation of the urban Plaza. The main entrance to the tower is positioned at this level so residents can access the station directly.
Following the Plaza we design the orthogonal park, where nature is planned in a grid, contrasting with the surrounding forest.
Running parallel to the Park and the Plaza and ending at the train platform a covered passage will protect the passengers and cyclists from Leinelä during the winter.
 

















 

– – –

Title: Leinelä Tower
Project name: New Leinelä Town, Europan 9
Date: June 2007
Type: International Open Competition
Organizer: Europan Suomi Finland
Participants: 25
Location: Leinelä, Vantaa, Finland
Site: Koivukylänväylä Street next to Helsinki – Vantaa airport
Programme + Surface: Park 8100 m², Day nursery 2120 m², Train platform 1995 m², Square 4270 m², Leinelä station 4100 m², Parking 6235 m², Mix-use Tower: Restaurant 445 m², housing 7035 m², gym 685 m², offices 2680 m². Study Area: 4 Ha
Status: Competition
Client: Leinelä Municipality
Budget: N/A
STAR Team: Beatriz Ramo, Joana Garcia de Oliveira, Astrid Rovisco Suzano, Marta Fernández Guardado; model: Xiana Mendez, Jean-Vianney Deleersnyder

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Big B Housing Block http://st-ar.nl/big-b/ Fri, 20 Apr 2007 01:16:28 +0000 http://st-ar.nl/?p=802 May 2007, Amsterdam, the Netherlands – SECOND PRIZE

In order to satisfy residential and business requirements in Amsterdam – as an alternative to expansion areas such as IJburg – former industrial sites on the north bank of the river IJ will be restructured to intensify the use of the land available.
These areas enjoy a central location, due to their proximity to the city centre and the visual connection with the centre from the northern side of Central Station. The location of our project belongs to the Buiksloterham, an industrial estate which, over the next 25 years, will gradually be transformed into a mixed residential-business area. It is required that each apartment contains a more or less independent working area, allowing for the possibility of working at, or next to one’s, home.

In contrast to other recently developed areas such as Borneo, the Buiksloterham will remain rougher and more loyal to its industrial past. The large scale represented by the old factories and industries and the need for references north of the IJ to enter into dialogue with landmarks such as Silodam to the south, convinced us to cluster the entire programme in one single building. Due to its 45 meters in height it will be visible from the entire surrounding area, becoming a reference point for the Garden Villages to the left of the Flora Park, marking the end of the dock, and creating a façade for the new park located next to the water. In front of Silodam by MVRDV or the future Pontsteiger by Arons en Gelauff, Big B completes the singular character of this part of the Ij on the north bank.

Big B is placed in the intersection of the Johan van Hasseltkanaal and the IJkanaal I, surrounded by water on three sides. Rather than developing pieces of architecture in a master plan, the project was generated as a master plan itself, placed on top of an architectural piece. It was composed as a 10m-high unifying plinth in the top of which we placed the residential master plan and a new privileged public space entirely open to the IJ River and the Zijkanaal, allowing each of the 161 apartments to enjoy a direct view of the water.The Masterplan character of Big B simplifies the division in phases and management, and makes the project attractive before its completion. The urban plinth will unify the 10 metre elevated residential master plan.
The diversity of the composition in the facades shows the individual character of each apartment; Big B combines a clever and simple urban strategy with a bespoke architecture. 

Generation:
1-The large scale is a common denominator deriving from the industrial character of the area. We host the entire programme in one block. We need a big mass to fill the large site (125 m x 75 m) so we create a 10 metre high plinth that will host in its core the totality of the parking space over three levels above ground, eliminating completely the need for excavation of the site, and thus saving a considerable amount of money. This core will be surrounded by a ring of galleries, offices, ateliers, and commercial spaces. On top of the plinth we plan the elevated public space.

2-From now on, the assignment becomes urban planning. Given the required number houses and the regulations concerning maximum height, we need three residential blocks. Placing the blocks according to their best views onto the water would deprive the public space from its view. Moreover, only one side from each block would enjoy a direct view.

3-By slicing off from the blocks the floors that block the view and relocating these into the plinth, we fulfill the initial challenge of giving each of the 161 apartments a direct view onto the water; and the public space will be entirely open to the IJ River and the Zijkanaal. The common space becomes a platform for activities with a privileged view onto the IJ River and the Zijkanaal

Surroundings:
We plan an urban garden on the side of Big B which will maintain the existing traces of paths as well as the industrial character of the site. All activities there may be combined and continued on the elevated garden of Big B: open gallery markets, art workshops… We incorporate the small island into the master plan on which we only plan a small hotel and a restaurant, which will mark the end of the promenade along the Johan van Hasseltkanaal, making it the “Hotel New York” – analogous to the famous Rotterdam hotel – of the district. This hotel will start operating at an earlier stage giving the area some character right from the start. The remainder of the housing block of the master plan will be designed in such a way as to offer the apartments a direct view onto the water.
This strategic location, perfectly accessible by metro, boat, and car, can be developed into a crowded and busy location at day and night, becoming a reference point for the northern side of Amsterdam.















The four blocks host 16 different typologies of housing + working, always maintaining a direct view onto the water. The size of the houses varies from 40 m2 to 275 m2 (for the houses containing atelier and gallery) with a majority of the apartments coming in at around 120 m2. A third of the apartments will be rental properties. The diversity in size and typology accommodates the needs of the many different income groups in society.

W = working, L = living, S = sleeping, and E = exhibition









 
 
– – –

Title: Big B
Project name: Residential complex in Amsterdam North
Date: May 2007 / Results June 2008
Type: International Open Competition Europan 9
Organizer: Europan NL
Participants: 65 entries (125 registrations)
Ranking: SECOND PRIZE
Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Site: Buiksloterham, Johan van Hasseltkanaal, Amsterdam North
Programme: 181 apartments (40-275 m²) + commercial spaces + exhibition rooms + ateliers + garden + parking
Surface: Total 35.000 m²
Status: Competition
Client: Ymere Amsterdam
Budget: N/A
Awards: SECOND PRIZE
Publications:
-A New Generation in Architecture. West Arch vol.1, Berlin, Germany, September, 2010
-Future Arquitecturas #15, Madrid, Spain, January 2009
-Europan 9 Spain Publication: European Urbanity, Madrid Spain, May 2008
-Europan 9 Results Publication, Paris, France, May 2008
Europan 9 Nederland Publication: European Urbanity, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, April 08
-Arquitectura e Vida #92, Lisbon, Portugal, April 08
Exhibitions:
-West Arch – A New Generation in Architecture at the Ludwig Forum für International Kunst, Aachen, Germany, September 12 – November 14, 2010
Aragon Chamber of Architects (COAA), Zaragoza, December 18, 2008 – January 16, 2009 – Spain
Amsterdam Centre for Architecture (ARCAM) Amsterdam, Sept 18 – October 10, 2008, the Netherlands
-Galicia Congress Hall, Santiago de Compostela, May 29 – 31, 2008 – Spain
COADE-Extremadura Chamber of Architects, Cáceres and Badajoz, June 5-July 15, 2009, Spain
-Galicia Chamber of Architects (COAG), Santiago de Compostela, May 29 – July 4, 2008 Spain
-Nederlands Architectuurinstituut (NAi), Rotterdam, March 7- June 1, 2008 – the Netherlands
-Solo Presentation at the Nederland Architectuurinstituut (NAi) Rotterdam, April 18, 2008, the Netherlands
STAR Team: Beatriz Ramo, Joana Garcia de Oliveira, Astrid Rovisco Suzano

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Hotel 2 in 1 http://st-ar.nl/hotel/ Mon, 31 Jul 2006 10:00:08 +0000 http://st-ar.nl/?p=4411 July – August 2006, Madrid, Spain

The 110 room hotel is placed between the highway and a new residential area on the periphery of Madrid. It will be a hotel for business people and a point of activity and reference for the area.
It contains a double programme, two buildings in one: the rooms will be placed in the outer ring and the rest of the programme (Gym, Spa, Library, Congress Rooms, a Bar and a Restaurant) will be located in the core of the building. Both guest and local residents may use the building independently.
The room is treated as one single space, with the main circulation around the bed, which is the physically and psychologically most important piece in the room. The only fixed element, the bathroom cubicle, contains four sliding walls that allow the room to be divided according to the activity and privacy required by the users.





















































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Title: Hotel
Project name: New Urban Hotel – Javier Morales Competition
Date: July – August 2006
Type: Open International Competition
Organizer: Hercesa
Participants: 82
Location: Madrid, Spain
Site: Butarque district – periphery of Madrid, between the highway and a new residential area.
Programme: 110 rooms, Spa, Gym, Library, Congress Center, Bar, Restaurant
Surface: 8165 m²
Status: Competition
Client: Hercesa
Budget: 5.7 Mill.
Publications: Arquitectura e Vida #92 Lisbon, Portugal, April, 2008
Exhibitions: West Arch – A New Generation in Architecture at the Ludwig Forum für International Kunst, Aachen, Germany, Sep 12–Nov 14, 2010
STAR Team: Beatriz Ramo, Johannes Pointl, Andreas Kofler; model hotel: Jordi Milá, Albert Perez; model surroundings: Daniel Diez, Elia Salcedo

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